Similarities of Hinduism and Buddhism
- Both believe in reincarnation.
- Both believe there are many different paths to enlightenment.
- Both believe that our suffering is caused by excessive attachment to things and people in the physical world.
- Both believe in an ultimate spiritual reality beyond the illusions of the physical world.
- Both practice meditation and other forms of yoga.
- Both believe that eventually all living spirits will achieve enlightenment and liberation, even if it takes many incarnations. Remember that in Mahayana Buddhism, the original teachings of the Buddha are assimilated to Hindu practices, including prayers, gods (even the Buddha as god in all his many incarnations). Mahayana Buddhism also introduces the idea of (temporary) heavens and hells.
Similarities of Hinduism and Islam
- Both religions accept that God has the power and the knowledge to execute and enforce his will. It is mentioned in both the Quran and the Bhagavad Gita that God is the Supreme Being and has the absolute power over the universe.
- Both religions believe that God gave man free will so that he could be responsible for his actions. That God is kind enough to let us choose our path and be responsible for it.
- Both religions accept that God loves those who love him and that he hears prayers. Be it Allah or Lord Krishna, your prayers will never go unheard.
- Both religions believe in the responsibility of each individual towards others, and in the practice of charity, righteousness, forgiveness, compassion, and moderation in food and drink.
- Both religions advocate non-violence. Hinduism and Islam shun human killing.
- Both religions state that there should be no compulsion in religion. A person is free to choose his own religions and beliefs.
- Both religions believe that remembering and reciting the names and words of God creates inner purification.
- Both religions believe in the ultimate destruction of the world and the rescue of the pious and pure by God. Final judgement day is a common concept on which both religions agree.
Similarities of Hinduism and Christianity
- God became incarnate in our universe as a personal revelation of his wisdom (as the respective Lord Christ and Lord Krishna).
- Both religion agree that although celibacy is encouraged, the family unit is viewed as the most important and standard form of human life.
- They are the world’s two most intellectual traditions of religious thought.
- Strong traditions of monasticism and mystical practice.
- They both pray through images, statues and to other venerable figures (examples: Saints and Demigods).
- Salvation consists in being purified so as to enter into the life of the divine (the mystical body of Christ or Brahman).
- The process of salvation is usually incomplete upon death and requires further individual life for spiritual development and purification (purgatory and reincarnation).
Similarities of Hinduism and Sikhism
- Both practice ritual bathing & ritual purification.
- Sikhism believes in one god. Though largely polytheistic, certain traditions within Hinduism may be considered “monotheistic”, referring to the highest God as Brahman.
- Both Hindus and Sikhs are cremated after death.
- Both believe in reincarnation.
- Both believe in Karma.
- While Sikhs learn from a guru, Hindus can learn from Hindu gurus, yogis, sages and saints.
- Hindus and Sikhs use the word Atma or Atman to describe the Self, or what some would call the “Soul”.