Lord Rudra is a Rig vedic deity, associated with wind or storm, and the hunt. The name has been translated as “the roarer”. In the Rigveda, Rudra has been praised as the “mightiest of the mighty”. Rudra appears in the Rig Veda, the great collection of hymns. His name also means “Howler” or the “Red One”. A god of storms and also the dead, he was sometimes associated with the destructive aspect of the fire god Agni. Rudra fired his arrows of disease at gods, men and animals. But he also brought health and performed good deeds.
When Prajapati, Lord of creatures, committed incest with Ushas, the dawn, Rudra was about to shoot him when Prajapati promised to make him lord of animals. In this role, Rudra was represented in the form of a bull. He gradually came to be seen as an increasing dark god who developed into the destructive aspect of Shiva. He is often regarded as the father of the Maruts, companions of Indra.